History of Dokdo’s natural environment and flora
Aster spathulifolius var. oharai
< Sources: Kim Chul-hwan, Kyungpook National University Ulleungdo-Dokdo Research Center >
According to studies, Dokdo is home to some 50 to 60 species of flora, which were introduced on the island much earlier than in other volcanic topographies, such as Jejudo or Ulleungdo. As an oceanic island, unlike those in the South and West Sea of Korea, the flora growing on Dokdo holds important significance in terms of geography and botany (Seon Byoung-un et al., 1996).
Most of the flora found on Dokdo are herbs, but there are also five taxonomic groups of woody plants, including Euonymus japonica, Fallopia sachalinensis, Lonicera insularis, Camellia japonica, and Elaeagnus macrophylla. Among the flora growing on Dokdo, plant species such as Cyrtomium falcatum, Sedum oryzifolium Makino, and Aster spathulifolius var. oharai, have maintained their original vegetation. They are taxonomic groups that have adapted to Dokdo’s natural environment and are likely to become symbolic of the island (Gyeongsangbukdo, 2010, Dokdo Series).
In particular, Euonymus japonica, the oldest tree on Dokdo, is a tree species capable of growing and developing on the island. It was designated as Natural Monument No. 538 (October 5, 2012) and holds profound significance in terms of territory and symbolism, having guarded the island for more than 100 years at the far eastern end of the Korean territory (Cultural Heritage Administration, 2012).
Composition of Families on Dokdo
< Sources: Daegu Local Ministry of Environment, 2013 >
- Gyeongsangbukdo, 2010, Dokdo Series
- Gyeongsangbukdo, 2012, Ulleungdo-Dokdo Eco-Tourism Guide Book
- Cultural Heritage Administration, 2009, Korea’s Natural Heritage, Dokdo
- Seon Byoung-yun, Park Jung-hee, Gwak Min-ju, 1996, Special Characteristics of Tracheophytes on Ulleungdo and Dokdo, A Report on the Conditions of Nature, The Korean National Council for Conservation of Nature
- Cultural Heritage Administration (CHA) (http://cha.go.kr)
- Daegu Local Ministry of Environment, 2012, Dokdo Ecosystem Monitoring Report 2012, Ministry of Environment
- Daegu Local Ministry of Environment, 2013, Dokdo Ecosystem Monitoring Report 2013, Ministry of Environment
- Ulleungdo-Dokdo Research Center at Kyungpook National University (http://dokdoknu.com)